Week 2: Knowledge, skills, abilities, competencies, and credentials

Hi everyone, welcome back,
it’s great to see you all again. So remember my cousin Tony and his career change from an office
manager to a fly fishing instructor? Let’s go back to his story for a second. How did Tony take his knowledge and
experience from one kind of job and translate them into an entirely
different kind of job? He did so by understanding his knowledge,
his skills, his abilities, and his competencies. What do we mean by this? So at his state job, he learned how to
communicate with diverse groups of people. He had a fairly small staff, but
that meant he had to lead and train them. He took the knowledge and
skills he gained at his state job with him to his endeavor of
being a fly fishing instructor. On this new adventure, he has to communicate with
diverse groups of clients. He has to teach them to fly fish. And that includes modeling a good
technique for all levels of learners. So there’s diversity,
there’s good communication. He has a patient style of communicating. In other words, he was able to
be agile with his career choice. And we has an effective self manager
because he understood those core transferable skills such as communication,
leadership, as possible assets in his future career. At his interview, he was able to
discuss the connections between what he used to do as a state worker and what he
hoped to do as a fly fishing instructor. And then these skills, remember I told you in another lesson
he wanted to open his own tour company. These skills will really
serve him well there too, so he was able to advance and now he’s
going to be able to advance again. So in this lesson we’re
going to look at and Define knowledge, skills,
abilities and competencies. These again are these core definitions
that will help you move forward as you’re thinking about how
you manage your own career. We’re also going to define
what is meant by a credential. I talked in another lesson about my
uncle Pete as having a college degree. That’s a credential so
we’ll talk a little bit about that. So what is Knowledge? Knowledge is simply the procedural set of, theoretical set of information that
enables us to know how to do what we know. Skills are what you can do,
so give examples. You might have a skill
in fixing a computer. You might be a skilled machinist. You might be skilled in other areas. So they are actual examples of
what you can do in the world. And then lastly there are your abilities. And this is your power to perform a set
of tasks under particular circumstances. Competencies. Huge buzzword right now, so
let’s think about what this might mean. They’re defined as the applied skills and knowledge that help you find success
in your professional environments. Think about them as bundling
knowledge skills and abilities to demonstrate
proficiency in diverse situations. So let’s go back to Tony for a second. He would make a really good example again. He had knowledge of proper lure weight. He always talks about this. He was skilled in fly fishing,
casting techniques, he had to know certain techniques, and he successfully
demonstrated fly fishing abilities. And he was competent in helping other
people develop those skills in themselves. So his competency was
actually as a teacher and developing that knowledge skill and
ability set in other people. And he was able again to
translate that into a new area. A credential signals the accomplishment
as demonstrated in degrees, certifications, industry certifications,
licenses, badges. So, it’s a signal that you’ve completed
something based on a given set of criteria. Competencies and
credentials are connected. Research from the Lumina Foundation notes,
the competencies are understood both in industry settings and in academia, and
can be applied in multiple contexts. So, they’re a pretty powerful
way of understanding how we can examine credentials and think
about our knowledge, skills and abilities. So what have we learned, some more
definitions, but important definitions, we’ve discussed knowledge skills and
abilities, competencies and credentials, now that we’ve done that it might be a
good exercise for you all to start making lists of your own sets of skills,
your own abilities, your own credentials. What do you know, and if it’s difficult
at first, don’t worry about it, because we’ll talk about it a little
bit more in the specialization, but that act of naming those pieces for yourself is really another key
component of being a self-directed, protean career,
having a protean career attitude. So, take a turn at that and
we’ll see you again soon.


  1. Kim K

    August 22, 2019 at 2:00 am

    Good video. Helps me answer questions on my application for making a career change

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