PERSONALITY-based Study Tips | Tools for Better Grades

We all have different personalities. In improving our study habits and becoming
more effective students, what works for one person may be the very opposite of what works
for someone else. Let’s go over different personality types,
and how each can best create better habits. What’s going on guys, Dr. Jubbal, I recently read the book Four Tendencies by
Gretchen Rubin. In it, she describes four personality tendencies
and how they interact with the world. In this video, I’ll help you determine your
personality tendency and empower you with the tools that are most effective for your
personality type. First, let’s briefly go over the four tendencies. However, to accurately assess yourself, check
out the four tendencies quiz and a four tendencies book. Link in the description below. After taking the quiz, let us know your tendency
down in the comments. Unlike other personality frameworks like Myers
Briggs, Enneagram, Strengths finder and others, the four tendencies doesn’t cramp several
elements into each category. Instead, the four tendencies focus on just
one narrow aspect of a person’s character; why we act and why we don’t act. While we know it is tremendously difficult
to change our nature, the four Tendencies provide us with the tools to change our circumstances
in a way that suits us. There are four categories or tendencies; upholders,
questioners, obligers and rebels. These categories are based off of the premise
of expectations. Specifically, how one responds to internal
and external expectations. Outer expectations are those outside of your
control, like homework, deadlines, tests and requests from others. Inner expectations are those that you create
yourself, like promising yourself to exercise five times per week, limiting TV time or creating
weekly YouTube videos. Now, upholders respond readily to both outer
and inner expectations. Questioners question all expectations. They meet an expectation only if they believe
it’s justified. So in effect, they respond only to inner expectations. Obligers respond readily to outer expectations,
but they struggle to meet inner expectations. Rebels resist all expectations, both outer
and inner. Gretchen uses a joke to illustrate a point
“How do you get an upholder to change a lightbulb? He’s already changed it. How do you get a questioner to change a lightbulb? Why do we need to change that light bulb anyway? How do you get an obligor to change a light
bulb? Ask him to change it. And how do you get a rebel to change a light
bulb? Just do it yourself”. Obligors are the most common tendency at 41%
of the population followed by questioners at 24% then upholders at 19% and last, rebels
at 17%. Now, let’s go over each tendency. First, the upholder. Think Hermione Granger from Harry Potter. Again, upholders are those that respond to
both inner and outer expectations. They love schedules and routines. They like to know what’s expected of them
and they don’t like making mistakes or letting people down, including themselves. Upholders find it easy to form habits. In terms of strengths, they are very self-directed
and have little trouble meeting deadlines, managing tasks and fulfilling commitments. They love discipline and it doesn’t make them
feel trapped. Instead, it makes them feel creative and free
because they can execute any plan they want. Their self motivation and reliability is second
to none. But, in terms of weaknesses, they can be too
rigid feeling, compelled to follow the rules even when it’s more sensible to ignore them. They can be disapproving, judgmental and uneasy
when others misbehave even in minor ways. Flexibility and adaptability are often lacking. They can seem humorless, uptight and impatient. They hate screwing up, so defensiveness and
hostility may arise when they’ve made a mistake. Now, as a student, how can we apply this with
study habits? The rigidity of upholders may lead them to
spend their time ineffectively. They may feel compelled to read the entirety
of every textbook chapter, versus approaching more efficient means of information transfer. Check out my video on the Truth About Speed
Reading for tips on how to actually read faster. They also have trouble delegating responsibilities,
which often results in them doing most of the work in group projects. If you’re an Upholder, be cognizant of your
tendency toward rigidity and remind yourself to question your way of studying. Even if it is what the professor said, or
feels right, or seems like the correct thing to do, see if there’s a way to improve. Resist the urge to do something for the sole
reason that you feel like you’re supposed to it. Next, let’s talk about questioners, like Steve
Jobs. Questioners meet only inner expectations,
which includes outer expectations that they’ve deemed important and turned into inner expectations. They are committed to information, logic,
and efficiency. They love improving processes. The Questioner is the person that takes extensive
time researching products before choosing the best one, or the one that spends countless
hours researching what the best diet or exercise regimen is to most efficiently get into shape. If you’re questioning the entire Four Tendency
premise, you’re probably a Questioner. In terms of strengths, Questioners are data-driven,
evidence-based, fair-minded, and interested in creating and improving systems that are
efficient and effective. They’re willing to play devil’s advocate
and critically examine both sides of an argument. But their constant questioning can be tiresome,
draining and obstructive. Questioners may also suffer from analysis
paralysis, where their desire for more research and perfect information can hold them back
from making decisions and acting. Because they are great at questioning, Questioners
can easily find rationale for avoiding an expectation or breaking a good habit. Their ability to find loopholes results in
them shooting themselves in the foot. It also can keep them from listening to sound
advice, like when Steve Jobs opted for alternative treatments for his pancreatic neuroendocrine
tumor – the type of pancreatic cancer that is very treatable with western medicine. Now as a student, I see two pitfalls with
questioners. First, over-deliberation. Avoid the urge to dig deeper, and rather remind
yourself to focus on the ultimate aim. Sometimes taking a step back and looking at
the bigger picture will help you achieve your academic goals. Second, you probably are irked by the seemingly
meaningless busy work or assignments with seemingly little value. Questioning your assignments and tests does
little in helping you get good grades and get into medical school. Instead, focus on the second order of reason. “Yes, this assignment is pure busy work,
and it’s a waste of my time, but I want to earn my professor’s respect and get a
killer letter of recommendation. My ultimate goal justifies doing it his way.” Questioners can motivate themselves to change
habits by framing behavior change as an experiment. This approach appeals to the questioners desire
to gather information, customize and optimize. Obligers readily meet outer expectations from
others, but struggled to meet inner expectations they want to impose on themselves. External accountability is huge for obligers. In this sense, they will meet deadlines, keep
promises and follow-through for others. In terms of strengths, obligers are the rock. They’re the ones that people can count on. There are great leaders, team members friends
and family members. They put others ahead of themselves and as
a result, they are incredibly dependable and responsible. Of all tendency types, obligors tend to get
along most easily with other tendencies. Obligors struggle to follow through for themselves
even though they’re great at following through for others. Whether it’s exercising, studying more every
day, saying no to friends on a Friday night, they often fail. By not taking care of themselves, they are
susceptible to overwork and burnout. If the burden of outer expectations becomes
too much, obligors go into “Obliger-rebellion”, where they snap and refuse to meet an expectation
any more. This can be small and symbolic, or large and
destructive. Now, as a student, to stay on track, Obligers
have a secret weapon. Accountability. The way accountability is most effectively
implemented will vary from Obliger to Obliger. For most, it will be in the form of one or
more accountability partners who can best help them with positive reinforcement in the
form of praise and encouragement. Reminders, on the other hand, may feel like
nagging, which may trigger Obliger-rebellion. Because finding a reliable accountability
partner is difficult among friends and family, Obligers may do better with a professional. For example, personal trainers can be great
accountability partners for your fitness goals. For studying, seeking a professional mentor
or tutor, like the ones offered on, can radically improve your effectiveness and
grades. And last the rebel. Rebels resist all expectations both in and
outter. The ability to choose freely is of utmost
importance to them. Sometimes they’ll even make a choice against
their own self-interest, just to reassure themselves that they’re able to have the
freedom to choose. They love to defy customs and conventions. Rebels believe in their own uniqueness, sometimes
even to the point of arrogance. When a Rebel finds his or her cause, their
calling, then that becomes their master and they can accomplish anything. Rebels are the ones that were looking forward
to surprising you by completing a certain task, but the minute you asked them to do
it, they lost all interest in doing it. In terms of strengths, the Rebel dislike of
constraint can be a positive force, empowering them to resist smoking, junk food, alcohol,
and any other addictive and toxic habit that begins to feel confining and controlling. They’re independent-minded, able to think
outside the box, and unswayed by conventional wisdom. They’re usually in touch with their authentic
desires. Now, on the other hand, their rebellious nature
makes them often uncooperative, inconsiderate, and restless. They have difficulty accomplishing tasks that
need to be done consistently and the same way each time. They struggle with routines and planning. Student rebels perform better when they are
able to frame actions in terms of their own choice, freedom and self-expression instead
of constraint and duty. Telling yourself “I must do X” will not
be as effective as “It’s up to me, of course, but doing X is often effective.” If you tell them they can’t do something,
they may respond with “I’ll show you” or “Watch me”. For example, “This class is hard, I don’t
think you can get an A in it. Your first quiz was a B-. Maybe you should give up trying.” This statement may fire up a Rebel to prove
you wrong, and may surprise both you and themself. Now, the natural question you may have is
“which Tendency is the best?” To answer that is actually quite simple. There is no best Tendency. As you have now learned, each tendency has
its own unique characteristics which both contribute its strengths and weaknesses. The key, rather, is learning to exploit your
Tendency to your benefit, maximizing your strengths and working around your weaknesses. This video provided you with the tools to
make it happen, now go implement. I’m now gonna turn it on to you, first, tell
me what your tendency is down in the comments below. And for those of you who have been following
the channel for some time, I’m curious to hear what you think my tendency is. Take a guess, and I’ll share my results on
the Med School Insiders Facebook and Instagram pages. I also want to take this moment to thank all
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