Knowledge Wisdom Intelligence – Difference


Hi Friends. This is Prabakaran Thirumalai.
Welcome to Practical Thinking Course. In this video, we are going to explore whether
knowledge, wisdom and intelligence mean the same thing or not. Lets first start with knowledge. In order
to understand knowledge, we need to go back to atleast 2500 years. It was socrates who
devised techniques to acquire knowledge by breaking down problem into series of questions
and then seek answers to these questions to find the ultimate truth. “I know that I know nothing” – One of the
best known sayings of socrates. I am going to explain knowledge by using this socrates
quotes. Let us take our awareness of the total information
available in this world in X-axis. Left side indicates lower awareness and right side indicates
higher awareness. Y-axis represents one’s knowledge. Anything
at top indicates knowledge is poor and bottom part indicates that knowledge is great.
Now let us split this into four quadrants to represent people’s knowledge The first quadrant represents people “who
dont know that they dont know”. Most of the people in this world start in this quadrant
and are famously called as illiterates. People need to know the fact that they dont
know something in the form of either data or information in order to move out of this
quadrant. Consider the statement “I can reach any person
anytime by using mobile phone technology” For somebody who is working or learning in
communication field in late 1900s, the phrase ‘mobile phone technology’ is sufficient to
move him from “I dont know that I dont know” quadrant to “I know that I dont know” quadrant. Most of us move from first quadrant to second
quadrant by our senses such as hearing, tasting, touching, seeing and smelling or while perform
actions such as reading, listening, watching, talking, discussing, etc Before we move into third quadrant, we need
to understand the outcome of “Hole in the Wall” experiment conducted by Dr. Sugatha
Mithra. On 26th January 1999, he started this experiment
by keeping a computer in a room and made a hole in the wall of that room so that people
can access and use that computer. He placed computer in a small village in tamil
nadu and kept materials about ‘DNA Replication’ in English language on that computer. He left
the computer for 2 months and when he came back and conducted tests, he found that students
secured 30% marks. Dr Mitra then arranged a lady to stay near the computer and tell
encouraging words such as WOW, How did you do that, etc for 2 months. When he conducted
the test again after 2 months, he found that students secured more than 50% marks on a
topic which is decade ahead of their age and knowledge in a language that they didnt know.
Dr Sugatha Mithra has received many prestigious awards from many countries for proving 2 points. 1.Students can learn by themselves
2.Encouragement alone can improve learning without tutoring. From the above experiment, it is evident that
the main role of teacher is to motivate the student so that they can learn by themselves.
If you would like to watch the TED talk in which he explains his experiments and its
outcome please click here. Now lets get back to earlier statement “I
can reach any person anytime using mobile phone technology”. The Phrase “I can reach
any person anytime” provides the motivation required for students to learn the mobile
technology. Nowadays most of the education institutions
focus on providing data or information on the subject to students instead of providing
motivation to learn. We should understand that, it is motivation which moves us from
“I know that I don’t Know’ quadrant to ‘I know that I know’ quadrant. People in this
quadrant are famously called as ‘experts’. Lets move to the last quadrant which is difficult
to believe that whether such a quadrant is practically possible. People in this quadrant
dont know that they know. How is this possible? How many of us know the rate at which the
heart beats. the speed at which the blood flows. but our brain make sure that it is
done at the optimum levels so that our body functions normally. People in this quadrant are famously called
as talented, skilled or have wisdom. These people wont be able to justify or explain
how they arrive at the conclusion with their knowledge but their solutions are optimal
most of the time. By rigorous practice, one can move from ‘I know that I know’ quadrant
to ‘I dont know that I know’ quadrant. This state is considered as the highest form of
knowledge. By now you would have understood that both
knowledge and wisdom deals with the memory capacity and recall time of the brain rather
than the processing ability of the brain. Intelligence deals with the processing capabilities
of the brain instead of memory capacity. It mainly deals with problem solving and making
decisions. The moment I said processing, you would have thought about the interruptions
it can have. Yes, You are right. Emotions are the biggest interruptions while performing
thinking operations. Emotion play a key role in problem solving
and decision making as it can interrupt the brain irrespective of what we are thinking
at that time. This video course will provide tools and techniques
to improve your analytical intelligence and creative intelligence by controlling and effectively
utilizing your emotional intelligence. If you like this video and think that it will
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3 Comments

  1. Prabakaran Thirumalai

    May 31, 2015 at 6:09 am

    Understand the difference between Knowledge Wisdom and Intelligence

  2. Fence Academy

    December 7, 2015 at 2:31 am

    “Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.”
    ― Aristotle

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