How to Study Way More Effectively | The Feynman Technique


This video is sponsored by brilliant.org, a math and science problem-solving website that helps you think more like a scientist. In a 2007 graduation speech, Charlie Munger told an interesting, but fictional, story about two people: the great scientist Max Planck, and his chauffeur. Max was, undoubtedly, a wise scientist. The people of Germany longed to hear him speak. He toured the country with his chauffeur, giving talks about his work. Day after day, the chauffeur grew tired of hearing the same speech over and over again. Finally, he asked, “Max, can I try giving the speech this time? I’ve listened to it so many times I have it memorized.” Max agreed to let the chauffeur give the speech. He took a seat at the front and put on the chauffeur’s hat. The chauffeur pretended to be Max and played the part perfectly. The speech was a success. At the end, a small man rose and asked the chauffeur a question. His response? That’s such a simple question, I’m surprised that you would ask it. I’ll let my chauffeur answer it. Charlie Munger told the story to highlight the difference between two kinds of knowledge: the deep knowledge that Max had and the shallow knowledge that the chauffeur had. The world is overflowing with information. It’s impossible to learn deeply about everything. In fact, there are benefits to having a shallow understanding of ideas. For starters, it allows us to connect with other people in their area of expertise and have conversations with a wide variety of people. It also allows us to understand important things on the surface, which may be better than not understanding at all. In the essence of time, sometimes we have to outsource our understanding to experts, but in my opinion, it’s always best not to act on Information we haven’t reviewed ourselves if possible, because even experts can be wrong or misinformed. There are dangers associated with attaining shallow information as well. The biggest is that, like the chauffeur, we risk fooling ourselves into thinking we actually understand or know something when we don’t. Even worse, we risk taking action on misinformation or misunderstanding. As Richard Feynman famously said, “The first principle is that you must not fool yourself and you are the easiest person to fool.” The best way to not be a fool is to think critically and learn deeply. One of the best ways to grasp a deeper understanding of an idea is to utilize the Feynman Technique. There are four simple steps. Step one: Explain the topic out loud to a peer who is unfamiliar with the topic. Meet them at their level of understanding and use the simplest language you can. Step two: Identify any gaps in your own understanding or points where you feel that you can’t explain an idea simply. Step three: Go back to the source material and study up on your weak points until you can use simple language to explain it. And then, the final step is to repeat the three steps above until you’ve mastered the topic. There are two main goals to strive for when using the Feynman Technique: be simple and concise. See if you can explain the concept to a five-year-old. If you can, try to come up with an original analogy to help you explain the topic. Creating an analogy is a fantastic way to gain mastery over an idea and learn empathy. It forces you to meet the person at their level of understanding and teach them something new by relating it to an idea they’re already familiar with. Here’s an example of an analogy: the basic structure of a story can be thought of as a pyramid tension builds up to maximum and then drops. Of course, there are many different ways to write a story and not all of them can be reduced to such a simple structure. But the image of a pyramid conveys a lot of complex information to the student in a simple manner. They Can Relate The Structure of A story To a shape They’re Familiar With and Have an intuitive Understanding Of the Pyramid it Shows Them that There Must be Tension in A good story this is Commonly Referred to as the rising Action The Tension Must Rise to a maximum Point Which Is called the Climax At this Point the Tension must Fall or be Diffused We refer to this as the Falling Action Creating an Analogy like This Forces me to have a Deep Enough Understanding of The Topic to Relate it to an Idea The Student is Already Familiar with Any “Any Intelligent Fool Can Make Things Bigger more Complex And more violent it Takes A touch of genius and A lot of Courage to move in the Opposite Direction.” E. F. Schumacher So when Should we apply the Feynman Technique to learn More Deeply? I’d Argue that the two most important Places to apply it is when We’re Making A Life-Changing Decision Or When we’re Working on our Craft If You want to be an Artist you Should apply it Whenever you’re Making Art so that you Can Deliberately? Improve if You’re an Engineer you might Apply it when you’re Studying or working on A technical Project the Massive Advantages of using the Feynman Technique Are that it Held to develop a true Understanding of Whatever your Learning Allows you to Make informed and intelligent Decisions Applying your Knowledge to Real-World Problems Becomes much Easier your Teaching skills Improved and your Capacity to Think Critically About a topic is Increased the only Trade-Off is Time and Effort even then the Time you invest upfront is more Than Returned Later on This Technique was Named After Richard Feynman a nobel Prize-Winning Physicist in His Biography on Richard Feynman James Gleick Said that Richard Would Create a journal for the things he? Did not know his Discipline and Challenging his Own Understanding Made him a genius and a Brilliant Scientist now that you know, his secret I’m excited for you to step Into your own Greatness Like the Feynman Technique Brilliant.org, also Follows a simple yet effective Structure That helps you guys Learn and Grow Brilliant is a math and science Problem-Solving Website and it’s relevant for Any Person who wants to get Ahead in Finance Programming Engineering Or someone who Just wants to think more like A scientist My Favorite Course Right Now is Physics of the everyday which like it sounds Show Us how the Principles of Physics Are Applied to things We experience in everyday life? Brilliant Mirrors The Structure of The Fineman Technique You start by Thinking Through Interesting Puzzles in A guided sequence Which Is one of the most effective Ways to identify the gaps in your Own Understanding When you get Stuck you Can Look up the Solution to Brush up on your Weak Points It’s really A fun way to learn and to better Yourself so i highly recommend Checking it out Just go to brilliant.org/freedominthought Or click the link in The Description Below and you Can sign up for free as a Bonus for Those Who want to get Ahead the first 200 People will be hooked up with 20% off The annual Subscription as Always Thanks for Watching and I’ll see you guys next Time

100 Comments

  1. Freedom in Thought

    October 17, 2017 at 6:14 pm

    Thanks to everyone who entered last weeks competition. Winners will be announced in the next few days on social media :). Also, thanks to Brilliant for sponsoring this video! Signing up is free so why not check it out: https://brilliant.org/freedominthought ? Lastly, if you missed my podcast with Jay, it's up on my podcast channel now: http://bit.ly/2gg8Rw9. This was the last entry into my "learning" series. I'm going to try and step up the quality of my videos once more so I'll be MIA for awhile writing and working on my animations. See you soon!

  2. Lucas Moldrup

    February 14, 2019 at 9:13 pm

    I though this would be one of those hand with a sharpie and robot voice videos, but it was so much more

  3. Sarah CatSir

    February 18, 2019 at 2:38 am

    Wow. I love watching a story that doesnt help me at all

  4. sorrychangedmyusername

    February 25, 2019 at 1:19 pm

    Sounds Goo-, doesn't work

  5. Bubble Tae

    February 27, 2019 at 8:56 pm

    I’m watching this whilst supposed to be studying

  6. skyhike

    March 4, 2019 at 5:51 am

    The Feynmann process has a major problem. What if your pet cat is the only one willing to listen? May work in academia with eager students, but not in real life. Please come up with something that works in real life.

  7. Scott Douglas

    March 4, 2019 at 9:23 am

    This is such an excellent video. You have my gratitude.

  8. RTDRONE

    March 6, 2019 at 5:49 am

    Is it bad that i didnt learn anything from this

  9. Erick Flores

    March 6, 2019 at 10:49 pm

    Step 1: Learn to read

  10. Ide

    March 11, 2019 at 9:15 pm

    I disagree on the pyramid thing.

  11. Angela

    March 13, 2019 at 2:50 pm

    2:14 starts

  12. arielartista

    March 14, 2019 at 3:50 am

    When I was in college, I would teach my dad all the biology topics I was learning each night and he was patient enough to study with me

  13. MikasaScarlett

    March 16, 2019 at 5:40 am

    lmao, the Chauffeur is basically the majority of students. Just memorizing the speech, regurgitating it on a test, but never truly understanding the concept. Then professors wonder why we cheat.🤦‍♀️

  14. capgains

    March 18, 2019 at 3:18 am

    What if your mind goes blank when trying to think?

  15. Abhishek Jain

    March 18, 2019 at 4:58 pm

    Why does the hour hand move faster than the minute hand @4:41 ?🤣

  16. Cormac Hughes

    March 21, 2019 at 11:46 am

    Great video thanks!

  17. Anon 4425

    March 22, 2019 at 3:54 am

    Hey, great video so far. What is the name of the song? 3:58? I know its probably in the relm of classic and composed music? But its pulling me in rather than pushing me out. I am not one whom listens to music but I like this song.

  18. Allan Henriques

    March 27, 2019 at 4:57 pm

    1.25 SPEED YW

  19. iTransit l

    March 28, 2019 at 11:00 am

    Anyone else watching this while studying

  20. Bedo Mohsin

    March 29, 2019 at 5:42 pm

    I mean tge driver still very smart Lol.

  21. Syifa Kenedi

    March 31, 2019 at 2:14 am

    Hi 😍 I made video about medical school.. Scholarship. And other tips and trick. Let's check on My youtube
    https://youtu.be/HPiCrxE7sSs

  22. Ubisons

    April 1, 2019 at 6:26 pm

    Instructions unclear

    Still got a F and my ass whooped

  23. Carlos R. Mena

    April 2, 2019 at 9:37 pm

    If I it is impossible to learn deeply about everything, then how do I know what to learn? What criteria can I use to choose? I study medicine by the way. And as other carriers that choice may cost a person´s life.

  24. Kyle Andrei Palmiery

    April 13, 2019 at 4:58 pm

    I have a similar technique. However I don’t have peers containing the time and willingness to execute this action.

  25. Bayuntoro Wiyono

    April 20, 2019 at 8:46 am

    Step 1 – listen to "lofi hip hop radio – beats to relax/study to" by chilled cow

  26. The No Look King

    April 21, 2019 at 6:39 pm

    I lost you at "explain out loud to a peer who is unfamiliar.."…

  27. Bess cool

    April 24, 2019 at 8:51 am

    Wow, great job on bringing in the subject of checking out things for yourself and dont' be subject to fake news.

  28. P. Z.

    April 30, 2019 at 8:12 pm

    I find it hard to explain something to someone who doesn't share the basic understanding of a topic.
    In order to explain you have to go from ground up, and build up your explanation piece by piece. I can understand that helps a lot to solidify your own understanding, but its a freaking time consuming endeavour

  29. TAOUFIK EL ABBASSI

    May 4, 2019 at 10:21 am

    High quality video as usual 👍👍👍👍

  30. neutral milk

    May 7, 2019 at 9:19 pm

    I study by making notes and highlighting the key words. I prefer to use a text book instead of a revision book so that I can find the points myself. After each subtopic I reread my notes and test myself. Works for me 🙂

  31. 88hyperman

    May 9, 2019 at 4:15 am

    Fuck that music in the background

  32. Animesh Vaidya

    May 14, 2019 at 6:34 am

    IF you increase background music level , THEN you get more views Because
    Good Voice + Good Music = famous/ good servings

  33. Mariangel Monge

    May 16, 2019 at 10:38 am

    What!!! “A small man”” really!!! What’s the reason for the word “small” !!! Unbelievable.

  34. me dev

    May 18, 2019 at 2:05 pm

    Great content ! Hats off to the best channel in youtube

  35. Luke Faulkner

    May 23, 2019 at 10:32 am

    Who else is supposed to be studying right now?

  36. shery scheriar

    May 28, 2019 at 7:39 pm

    Boring as hell

  37. jm Flores

    May 29, 2019 at 3:56 am

    I really appreciate your video. Thanks

  38. Raul Semede

    May 29, 2019 at 9:01 pm

    Step 3 is too vague

  39. Ultra Star

    June 1, 2019 at 9:46 am

    Rewatching because another school year is approaching

  40. Ankit Show

    June 5, 2019 at 8:51 am

    Nothing works if you don't pay attention.

  41. Stan Nolmans

    June 12, 2019 at 10:59 am

    My biggest takeaway:
    Feynman technique
    1) teach 👉
    2) find knowledge gaps 👌
    3) patch the gaps 🤜
    4) repeat ♻️

    Teach with analogies, hook the knowledge on known knowledge.

  42. My IQ is negative, but

    June 12, 2019 at 8:31 pm

    I think everyone always do that

  43. bharath bhimshetty

    June 14, 2019 at 2:12 pm

    The narrator is monotonic…he should change the phonetics accordingly…

  44. nuren shadid anonno

    June 20, 2019 at 10:03 am

    Gay

  45. Heisenberg

    June 21, 2019 at 2:37 pm

    The problem is I can’t even understand this vid.

  46. Liuhuayue

    June 24, 2019 at 6:50 pm

    The chauffeur should have gone into show business.

  47. Achmad Fauzan

    June 26, 2019 at 3:42 am

    Is touch of genius means smaller, more simple, and smoother?

    Think critically and learn deeply are a very nice advice 🙂

  48. Creeper Crafter

    July 2, 2019 at 4:45 am

    You know your at an all time low when you gotta study how to study.

  49. Traffic Light

    July 7, 2019 at 5:15 pm

    It's not as simple as this.

  50. Thanos

    July 14, 2019 at 7:56 am

    HOLY FEYMAN SHIT ASS IT WORKS I ACED HARVARD

  51. Liam Harcombe

    July 17, 2019 at 11:40 am

    me: explains partial differential equations

    5 year old: understands completely

  52. Draconic

    July 17, 2019 at 2:51 pm

    The best tip is read chaptera firat then notes it all depends on hardwork

  53. Cow Ster

    July 21, 2019 at 1:18 am

    Who else was expecting some better tips only to be let down?

  54. Lin Jiajin

    July 28, 2019 at 6:47 pm

    Uhmm but the F. technique helps you on memorizing and understanding… not learning by yourself… I mean, you need people and I think it’s pretty superficial, you have grasped the concepts ect but what if you had to relate them in other topics or “create” new ideas?

    Curious thing: I unconsciously thought of this solution too, it came out naturally but didn’t really defined it bcz I am lazy

  55. antonella

    July 30, 2019 at 5:48 pm

    I’m very smart always been but I missed school a lot so I became shit at math. Luckily I’m going to take tutoring for English and math and become good

  56. Justin Teo - Sensei of Life

    August 1, 2019 at 11:23 am

    Freedom In Thought, may I know what software are you using for your colorful animations in the videos pls? Thanks.

  57. Ambianist

    August 1, 2019 at 1:08 pm

    Forever a student

  58. Siddhant Tiwari

    August 2, 2019 at 1:09 am

    You probably won't see this comment, but I loved this video. The explanation and delivery just makes me want to watch more of your work! Thanks and keep up the good work

  59. TS Tech Talk

    August 6, 2019 at 8:41 pm

    Thank you for this video

  60. Ishan Malith Gunawardane

    August 7, 2019 at 4:35 am

    what is that you using softwere for this.

  61. VillaenAS

    August 7, 2019 at 5:03 am

    Kitna technology se bana hain yeh video??!!

    Dick-en(d)s technology??!!

  62. قُصي الشاطري

    August 7, 2019 at 6:57 pm

    We need arabic translations

  63. didi mcl

    August 8, 2019 at 10:15 am

    Le titre est en français mais la vidéo en anglais 🙂🙂

  64. Elif Altuntaş

    August 9, 2019 at 4:08 pm

    Thank you ! For Turkish subtitled

  65. That Ferret

    August 10, 2019 at 12:07 am

    Who's watching this instead of studying?

  66. Alex Gre

    August 10, 2019 at 10:18 pm

    There is no trick or easy way to study….you simply do it

  67. Ruchi Jayara

    August 11, 2019 at 3:25 am

    can u please add subtitles in the video .for helping the peoples like me

  68. Snek

    August 15, 2019 at 12:12 pm

    You lost me at step 1. I have no friends.

  69. Ali Zakaria

    August 15, 2019 at 3:10 pm

    thank you for the video

  70. Supreme Assassin

    August 18, 2019 at 8:15 pm

    Guys I think it is gonna get patched 😔

  71. mehdi karpov

    August 19, 2019 at 3:10 pm

    Step 1: stop watching youtube
    Step 2: start studying

  72. Prince Talbo

    August 20, 2019 at 12:58 am

    Who see the lines that follows the circles in 3:21 ?

  73. VaderZ So2

    August 20, 2019 at 4:37 am

    Why does school not teach us this instead they tell us oh u do bad on a test bc u don’t study enough so what is studying sitting there for hours looking at a book? They don’t teach methods and then expect u to do good and yet u have YouTube video like this teaching what teachers are supposed to teach this goes to show how fucked up school is

  74. K A R T I K

    August 20, 2019 at 2:31 pm

    My syllabus is so much itll probably require me 3 years studying following this technique

  75. HIGH

    August 20, 2019 at 2:37 pm

    Basically, the Feynman technique is when you explain a topic to a dumb person in a way that they can understand it

  76. 甜菜根

    August 20, 2019 at 4:59 pm

    step1 and the only step : JUST TURN OFF THE SMART PHONE!!!!!!!

  77. Geethanjali balaji

    August 20, 2019 at 5:21 pm

    Nothing can.be achieved unless you have a good teacher ..

  78. Saba

    August 20, 2019 at 7:35 pm

    This video is build on einstein words

  79. LoveSleeping02

    August 20, 2019 at 8:31 pm

    Why am I watching this I'm already done with my studies

  80. FrigginTechnology

    August 21, 2019 at 12:13 pm

    Wow what did you use to create these automations

  81. Aditya Shinde

    August 21, 2019 at 4:23 pm

    My three year old brother can now solve Calculus

  82. MYPT

    August 22, 2019 at 2:00 am

    Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication

  83. josh little

    August 22, 2019 at 11:30 am

    Oops, I spent so long studying how to study that I didnt study.

  84. yaskara mota

    August 22, 2019 at 11:00 pm

    i already use that technic but i didnt know about

  85. Linh Chi Hoàng

    August 23, 2019 at 11:20 pm

    Can anyone explain to me the sentence " you must not fool yourself and you are the easiest people to fool?"

  86. Ashish Deo

    August 24, 2019 at 2:56 pm

    Comm at 4:30

  87. Baki

    August 24, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    technique starts at 2:10

  88. Septia Rezano

    August 25, 2019 at 8:14 am

    In my honest and humble opinion, this is actually quite practical and effective if the concern is about studying theorical aspect, however i still argue this effectiveness when studying any practical aspects like language

  89. 서동현

    August 25, 2019 at 1:35 pm

    Best way to study effectively is to start studying

  90. H20

    August 25, 2019 at 6:42 pm

    I'm literally watching this at 1 AM

    I hate myself.

  91. Maxim Janz

    August 26, 2019 at 10:42 am

    If you need a simpler tutorial with easy language and examples, visit https://grauenwald.com

  92. Doraemon Galaxy

    August 26, 2019 at 5:54 pm

    Describe Your School Life In 4 Words

    I want to die

  93. Jurgen Sala

    August 27, 2019 at 6:50 am

    My study techniques are:Frequent school every day and read books at least one time to memorise better.I think we never forget.

  94. Kiran Cool

    September 3, 2019 at 12:53 pm

    Bhaaaaaaaag maadarchoood

  95. Benjamin Luo

    September 5, 2019 at 2:31 am

    Watched the video and literally got nothing from it. Stop being a hypocrite and get to the point

  96. GGirll22

    September 10, 2019 at 1:52 am

    I get distracted

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