## How to Excel at Math and Science

this video is going to cover the book a
mind for numbers how to excel at math and science and although the title is
very specific the learning techniques in this book can apply to many different
subjects all the way to games like chess now whether you’re in high school
struggling with math and science or you’re in college studying math science
or engineering and doing well the techniques taught here can apply to
anyone because learning itself is a science and there are practices to
improve efficiency and performance no matter what level you’re at so let’s get
started. Now there are two modes of thinking you need to be aware, of focused
mode and diffuse mode. Focus mode is obvious it’s when you are highly focused
on something like attempting a difficult math problem with no distractions.
Diffuse mode is what happens when you’re more relaxed and let your mind wander
basically just like taking a break but what this does is allows different parts
of your brain to connect and solve problems kind of in the background and I
will elaborate on this soon but both these are actually essential for deep
learning and understanding when it comes to especially math and science. Now to
explain the significance of diffuse learning I want to introduce something
called the Einstellung effect. This is where where you have an already formed idea in
your head of how to solve a problem which prevents you from finding a better
solution, you’re kind of zoomed into one idea. I’ve tutored personally a lot in
math and I’ve seen this all the time for high schoolers here’s a common one we’ll
be learning the quadratic formula and I’ll give them multiple problems that
require it then I’ll give them something like this which they have done before
and they go straight for the quadratic formula forgetting that they can just
take out an X and it’s already factored they were zoomed into one idea and it
prevented them from finding a better way to do the problem. This has also been
shown in chess players sometimes players have an idea in their head of what move
they should do they try to continue to scan the board for better moves however
through studies of their eyes they’ve shown that their focus stays on the
original move they thought of, making it more difficult to come up with a better
one and this is where diffuse mode thinking comes in. It allows your brain
to relax and the neurons to connect and kind of work in the background which
allows you to see more of the big picture. In the book the author shows a picture
of a chess grand master during a game who gets up from his seat and looks away
from his game. He takes a short amount of time to distract himself and let his
mind wander so he doesn’t become stuck in a narrow way of thinking and this is
what diffuse mode thinking really does you just take a break from that intense
focus then when you come back to the problem you have a fresh mindset and
often the solution or a better solution comes to you much faster. A very famous
french mathematician henri poincaré struggled to crack a difficult problem so
he decided to take a vacation and when he was getting on a bus the answer
suddenly came to him from a part of his brain that continued to work on the
problem in the background and you’ll hear of many stories where this kind of
thing happens. So this is the foundation for improving your skills, you need to
alternate between focused mode learning and diffuse mode. No you cannot just let
your mind wander and wait for the answers to come. You need to focus
intently on a problem then when you are stuck take a break for maybe two minutes
maybe an hour and then come back and focus again and the solution may come to
you much quicker as you have a fresh look at the problem. It may not just
happen like you did for this mathematician but resume the problem and
it may surface faster than you think ways to get into diffuse mode include
going to the gym, going for a walk, going for a drive, taking a shower, sleeping, and
much more. And remember you can’t just look at a problem you have no clue what
to do on and then take a break and think you’ll get to the solution you have to
be logical you need to actually understand the basics then focus on the
problem and then alternate between that focused and diffuse mode thinking. Now
let’s get into some more specific study techniques and tips. When it comes to
learning math and science learning fast is like trying to gain muscle fast it’ll
just burn you out. Although you can maybe memorize things very quickly you
can’t learn on a deep level in one or two nights so that’s why you need to
learn a little every day or at least as much as possible. Now the best study
method they found for any topic is attempting to recall the material that
you have just learned. What you don’t want to do is reread material until you
get it, this is one of the worst ways to memorize or learn new material. What you
want to do is read something new and turn away or close the book and try to
recall what you just read as much as possible
then read it over again and repeat that one more time. They found just with two
repetitions this worked better than nearly any other method done in the same
amount of time. But okay what about when it comes to doing problems like in math,
physics, engineering, etc which aren’t just memorizing things. Again here’s what
you don’t want to do and this I thought was very insightful because I know it
will apply to a lot of people watching. What you don’t want to do is attempt a
problem then when you don’t understand it you look at the solution and say “oh I
see how they got that” and then move on. This is one of the biggest illusions of
learning math and science out there so you should not fall for it you haven’t
learned the concept even though you think you may have. If you need to look
at the solution that’s no problem but then you need to do a totally different
problem on that topic and solve it completely on your own. So if you’re
struggling to learn a new concept what you want to do is first read about the
topic and make sure you understand the fundamentals, ask your professor, your
friends, or whatever it takes so you can just get the basics, you don’t just want
to dive into problems without learning the fundamentals. Then what you want to
do is work a problem all the way through try to have the solution available but
don’t look at it unless you really need to, then if you didn’t fully understand
the problem you need to repeat it all on your own and make sure as you’re going
through each step you understand why it’s being done not just how it’s done,
this allows your brain to make connections rather than just reading the
solution and thinking you have it. Then you want to take a small break after a
few problems, go into that diffused mode thinking so you can come back with a
fresh mind and if you don’t get something you need to practice it a lot,
that’s basically what this all comes down to. It will take time but your
brain is going to keep making connections especially as you accomplish
problems on your own. Now many students on the other hand will do a certain math
problem correctly but then right after that they’ll do more of those same
problems, now this can be a good thing and improve test scores for sure, but
this doesn’t maximize your time in the most efficient way. If you want to learn
the most in the shortest amount of time then once you successfully learn a
concept and do maybe couple problems correctly, move on.
If you had all the time in the world then of course practice as much as you
can but often that’s not the case so this is something to keep in mind. And
another tip which I really thought was interesting was to mix up the sections
of the book you’re doing problems in. Like let’s say your homework is in section
5.4 of the book, well do some of those problems then do some from
5.3, then go back to 5.4, then maybe go back to 5.2. Especially if you’re struggling you’ll need this practice. Now
why do you do this? Because you want to make sure that you could do all these
problems on a test if you didn’t know what section things were on. If section
5.4 is all about synthetic division, even if you get an abstract
problem you still can assume it requires synthetic division, but just given that
problem randomly on a test would you know to do that? This is something to ask
yourself and a reason to kind of mix up the sections you work on so that you can
fit the pieces together. Now in another video I talked about procrastination but
this book had a few takes on it as well and I wanted to offer some more advice
for those who have issues with procrastination. One thing to try it is
the Pomodoro Technique which there are many videos on but essentially to sum it
up, set a timer for something like 25 minutes, maybe a little less or more but
then solely focus on work for that time. This is short enough where anyone can
really focus for that long, then afterwards reward yourself with some
internet surfing or texting or whatever but not for too long, maybe just a few
minutes, and then repeat the process. Some people argue that they feel rushed with
the timer in the background when doing something like math, but studies have
shown that this actually helps because it will make you become accustomed to
being on the clock and feeling a little stressed so that when you’re taking a
test and that stress occurs you’re able to perform better. Also you want to make
sure you focus on the process not the product. As in you should care more
about the time you’re putting in not how much you’re getting done. It doesn’t
matter if it takes two or five hours to complete your homework
(assuming you have the time) you really want to make sure you understand the
material on a deeper level and learn how to apply it. Another very effective tool
is to do the most important and disliked jobs in the morning when you get up or
maybe immediately when you get back from school. This then
do that momentum to keep going. Another thing to try is mental contrasting,
where you basically picture where you want to be compared to now and why you are doing
this. One student from the book was quoted as saying that he put what his
starting salary would most likely be on his wall and framed it to remind himself
why he’s doing all this work and it helped him with procrastination. Now I’m
going to stop there with procrastination. Now when it comes to getting better at
math or science it basically all comes down to patient persistence. After so
much time of doing all these techniques it will reshape your brain and optimize
the way you learn and solve problems. Persistence is often more important than
intelligence. This author said that she absolutely hated math all throughout
high school and failed her way through. She started studying just basic
trigonometry when she was 26 years old after being in the military, but she had
a shift in her mindset and decided that she was going to get good at math. She
ended up getting a bachelor’s in electrical engineering, a master’s in
Electrical and Computer Engineering, then a doctorate in systems engineering with
a background in various subjects and she said that it got easier for her over
time because of how she was learning to learn. And remember things typically get
more fun when you’re better at them. People often are bad at something then
because of that they get bored which makes them not try and it’s just a
downward spiral from there. And throughout the book she talks about many
success stories or people who weren’t naturally gifted at math who then
excelled later in life. Just a simple shift in your mindset can
do more than you may think. I’ll end this video one of my favorite stories of the
four-minute mile. The four-minute mile was assumed by experts to be impossible
for the human body. In over a hundred years of the timed mile no one had done
it until one day in 1954 one person finally beat it by less than a second.
But then less than two months later another person beat it, and since then
thousands of people have beat it including a few high school kids. And
people say it was that switch in the mindset of others that the impossible
was actually possible that then allowed the other people to beat the time more
and more. So yes your mindset is more powerful than you may think.
Math is something I personally like a lot but I still learned plenty and found
lots of helpful techniques and tips from this book which I’ve linked below if you
want to buy it for yourself and support the channel. I hope this summary helped
you, if you liked the video don’t forget to comment, like, and subscribe and I’ll
see you all next time

1. #### Jesper Nilsen

So after the summer i will start in ninth grade, and i can’t focus anymore at school im trying but my new class i got last year is realy noisy and the girls in there just try to start drama all the time i just can’t take that shit luckely the two worst class mates are gone next year but im thinking of changing class

2. #### SoCal Justice Warrior

The chess player is Magnus Carlsen, FYI.

3. #### SoCal Justice Warrior

You're an asshole. You're giving us the cliff notes of a book you didn't write AND you're spamming us with ads. Thumbs down. Buying the book.

4. #### Exotic 36

Shiiiit…. I’m in diffused mode on steroids

5. #### Aristides Gonzalez

When you realize that you been doing this all your life and you should have written that book lol

6. #### Nimi Joon

Thanks for the video. I found it really helpful.

7. #### Inno Dev

I know:
JavaScript (React, Redux, Vue, Typescript, node, express etc)
PHP (Laravel, PDO)
C++ (SDL)
C# (Selenium, .net)
HTML
CSS
MySQL
Mongo DB
GraphQL
Pascal (Delphi) //roast me all you want, Pascal is a good language
Since I have been 12 I've been studying programming, from problem solving to web development, to server side, to games, to automation and even dev ops. Im 18 and I still struggle with math.
Wtf is the problem? When I'm in class I easily understand everything, solve problems, but on tests I always fail. It's like I learnt it but I forgot the process of solving it so I try to solve problems my own way and usually get close to the solution but if I don't know a formula or I don't recall it, I get stuck and angry. My professor said I don't practice enough, I don't memorise the formulas and the process and that is kind of right but I am not a person who will memorise everything, I learn by doing and once I learn, I like doing stuff my way. If I were to solve a problem, I won't solve a problem like that beforehand and memorise it, I will go into the problem, declare my needed variables, write pseudo code and start thinking, once I think of an algorithm I write the code and if it works, it works.

8. #### Nate Marquez

So this is how post nut thinking works

9. #### John

Thanks for the video! I'm a bit overwhelmed, thinking about the long road of math. Elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, algebra, pre calculus, calculus 1, calculus 2, calculus 3.

10. #### Joel Doxtator

Learning is very similar to working out. You can only go 100% for short bursts then you need to rest. Cumulative fatigue needs more rest. If you feel physical pain in your brain it's time to stop for the day.

11. #### Robin D. Phillips

So, how do you do this during a timed test? I dropped out of college because of math anxiety. Really bad math anxiety. Nothing comes to my mind. Failed algebra HORRIBLY. Anyway, thanks for sharing.

12. #### Etenek Zavoyevatel

I agree that persistence (and obviously the right mindset) can supersede intelligence. At most, my IQ is average if not below (I think online IQ tests are overrated but I've assessed my intelligence relative to people around me…and my thinking capacity). But I was the second top student in school (came up on top in the finals) because I was always willing to learn and improve whenever I got the chance to

13. #### Sho Yu Weeni

If you're in college studying engineering, you've got bigger issues.

14. #### Bubblie BrownJ.R.

The "solving problems" section really hit home. When I decided to learn areas of math where I struggled, it was simply because I didn't understand why I was doing it. Once I did background research, it all clicked. Now, when I see a problem, I'm looking at it from a, "why" instead of a "just do it" perspective.

15. #### Jaywin Morgan

Or just study

16. #### BronzeJourney

Have you ever get that feeling when you were watching these kind of videos that, you literally know everything they have talked about the topic and some extra too, but still cant get the damn thing right in your life.

17. #### Rykensnow

einstellung effect lmaooooo
just mix a german word in to make it sound smart

18. #### Only Piano Stuff

Wow, so that's the reason I reprobed math this year in university, holy damm, I knew something was off with my studying methods, you gained a sub, and maybe I might save the semester, if that so, you will earn a couple bucks as a gift lol

19. #### Ezekiel’s Brother

Literally hated science at high school and failed it too. Now I’m reading up on it and I now see how many interesting things that have been discovered (or will probably never be discovered).

20. #### Ramses CLVIII

“Imagination is more important than knowledge.”- Albert Einstein

21. #### Sonagi

maybe you should learn how to pronounce ''Einstellung'' instead of doing so much math.

22. #### mihika shetty

This is such an amazing video. Thank you so much.

23. #### عبدالرحمن علاءالدين

I actually did most of this on accident. 🙂

24. #### Ghassan Khan

Step 1: be born inherently smart

25. #### raptor 7x

But is math related to science?

26. #### Anonymus 321

Diffuse mode=shower thoughts

27. #### Darly A. LAPORTE

Maths is so cool
Jesus loves you. Believe in Him and his sacrifice on the cross and repent by the way.

28. #### Finesse

I’m only in 8th grade but I love this!!

29. #### Finesse

This is not clickbait

30. #### Mark Alex

Every time I get stuck with a coding exercise, and I feel frustrated in trying to solve it in 3 hours, I get a shower. And surprisingly, the solution comes to my mind during the shower, and after I get out of the bathroom, I know how to solve it.

So the best way to solve a problem is getting the shower every time I get stuck? No.
I found that I only got the solution after I spent enough time to read and understand problem thoroughly. So yes, relax mode can help me get an idea, but I should not abuse it when I do not really understand the problem.

31. #### Tom Meyers

How to Excel at Math and Science
This channel is targeted at the high IQ races. White and Asian.
Do you have one about breaking into cars?

32. #### Oge O.

Please can I ask how you make your videos? They're really simple yet informative and I don't want to show my face if I start a YouTube channel

33. #### Viccctv

Beautiful video man.

Cheers from Bolivia 🇧🇴

34. #### Fredo FPV

In my case I have to repeat the theory at least 3 times and then practice.

35. #### Phoenix

But I know shit loads about math and science (fucking shit loads)!!!! I use no techniques, no revision, no special effort, no writing or taking notes… nothing at all. I remember just about EVERYTHING! …All I need is to be interested in it, and willing to learn by myself rather than be taught by a teacher, and do shit loads of reading about it all!

36. #### Dennis Stark

U dont read a material to memorize it but to understand it

37. #### Connor Jones

From my experience if you want to do this more while you're studying, don't go on social media or something that will try and grab your attention, instead probably the best thing imo is doodling. You don't really have to put much thought into what you're doing and just engaging in it takes your focus off of things. You could also play with your pencil, spin it around and do cool little tricks. This is all just from my experience with it so take it with a grain of salt but I hope this helps someone.

38. #### Manni -

The book is actually really helpful. I got from getting 2% more than required for passing my math test to getting 95% in finals

39. #### Alivixq

i'm good at science but not math.. wth

I want to learn the basics and fundamentals so sometimes I will sit on my desk and try to read some books and after how many minutes I will get bored

41. #### Nothing

I'm no mathemagician, but I can infer a few bits of advice for getting good at math. I approach it as though I were learning another language. So the best way to learn? Immersion and constant practice. In my case, taking up electrical engineering was a great excuse to watch or read tons of material while still having a practical use for it.

The oher important thing is don't beat yourself up if you aren't maturally good at math right off the bat. Nobody is. It's not exactly something our monkey brains needed to evolve to understand. So it will take time and effort to learn to think different. But the more you put in, the more you get out of it. And imo, its totally worth it.

42. #### anchit bagde

Your are the greatest man in the world.

43. #### Jason Jiang

Step 1: be Asian

44. #### Sibusiso

I''m taking notes while watching this

45. #### vottoduder

I do well at subjects that I am interested in and I do poorly at subjects that I am not interested in. I dont care about working on car engines, but I like the science of why and how humans behave. Which subject am I better at? I didnt become good with history until I became interested in it, which happened after I got out of school.

46. #### Nate

NOOOO… I almost disliked at the end there with the reference to the 4 minute mile BS! This is just how records work?? Before someone beat the 4 minute mile, someone also beat the 4:02 and the 4:05, 4:15, and so on. We as humans progressively get better at stuff. No reason to focus on the number 4 as it's no different than any other record getting broke.

47. #### Kameron Briggs

Tip one, learn the criteria. Step two, you are done.

48. #### aeroman5000

That chess grandmaster is the strongest chess player in history, Magnus Carlsen.

49. #### shark boi

okay so something really weird happened to me a few nights ago. i had been puzzling over a topic on thermochemical reactions in an exam question and a few nights ago i had a dream of me solving all the questions i had and explaining to myself about the stuff i didn't understand and then woke up and realised it was a dream but I went and did some questions on that topic and WOW I'm not kidding i really do get it now. through a dream! whUt

50. #### User 1

math and science is piss easy mate

51. #### Matěj

I have confused mind state

Thanks, when I was automatically trying both modes intuitively, I thought I was getting crazy due to ongoing depression. Especially, bcz I’ve chosen Business major instead of a technical one

53. #### graalking

Anyone else getting good grades so they have wiggle room if they get caught doing illegal things….just me?

54. #### Zastari

I'm always on diffuse mode

55. #### Max Lee

My Asian Dad: Step one stop being such a fucking disappointment

Me: uncalled for and mean but honestly I get it

56. #### FlyingGuitarist

That's great ! I've completed "learning how to learn " course in Coursera and they have taught me the same thing.

When

I love you 😭

59. #### Geno Morfo

Wtf. This chanel is awsome.

60. #### d5

Allow me to simplify

TL;DR : You don’t

61. #### Joseph Jovencio Valerio III

Perfect video, MajorPrep!

62. #### higgs boson

that chess player is Magnus carlsen

63. #### Savage Dude

6:28 It should be maximise output instead of maximise time

64. #### Ro boss thinking

2:11 wait ik him I think, I watching his chess episodes on Netflix, ö
Wow his life is interesting

65. #### Ro boss thinking

So how ima remember this?

66. #### dawn nite

Guy. U r so useful to the world

67. #### Matthew Gillespie

I disagree with the Pomodoro technique.

I especially disagree with the "reward" being internet surfing and social media. Our brains are hardwired to pursue whatever gives us the greatest sense of immediate reward, and social media and internet surfing is FAR more potent than deep work. By rewarding yourself with a more potent stimulus, you are only feeding into your brains hard wire to pursue those outlets, which will force you to procrastinate and be less productive (or just make it harder to be productive or efficient when focusing). Social media surfing while on break also directs your attention towards another task which is less effective in diffusional thinking than stretching, walking around, etc., which requires almost no thought or attention.

What I recommend instead is rewarding yourself with "wow I just learned something new and overcame an obstacle which was difficult to overcome!" and really focusing on how awesome that is, because the more you do that and the less you engage in "more potent" activities, the more your brain is going to seek overcoming academic obstacles.

68. #### Carole Daoud

Hello good morning propesor! What documents needs to can take exam or.. Else.. because i want to serve people… I need for sevel service.. please..help me.. i have been studying for a doctor medical and a Homan body Life.. please i want to take exams for sevel service…how many exams i have to talking..or to did…i mean all subjects i will have can did? Or what please help me

69. #### Harry Gerry

Science is average difficulty until you learn Quantum Mechanics

70. #### Njabulo Santungwana

really informative Thank you!

71. #### Spookyhoobster

5:00 I really disagree with that. If you become good at reverse engineering a solution you can learn A LOT from seeing other people's work, the important thing is to have a good grasp of the fundamentals of whatever subject you're involved in before you start looking at a bunch of "answers". I found a decent amount of success applying this to math and programming.

Edit: I guess 5:10 kinda addresses my point :P, but I've seen a few people who try getting into programming at an older age have trouble with looking at other people's code because they feel like they're "cheating", which I think isn't a good mindset to have while you're learning. Especially when you're trying to self-teach.

72. #### CateDoge

I have the book. I am procrastinating on reading it. Ok ill read it before watching this video then.

73. #### Kryptalis Fun

Start learning…then you will get better…there is no shortcut, but this video is realy helpful

74. #### Olemier

This is why exams sort of annoy me. I need to have time to let my mind wander. I’m in Computer Science, I can’t help but feel like my career colleges in the future aren’t gonna set a stopwatch every time I need to set up an algorithm/work with a data structure. It’s a frustrating reality to face when you’re in school

75. #### Anna Jevailn

and what to do if u just cant even sit in one place for 5 mins

77. #### Luck

3:29
The moment when I realized that I don't understand the basics.
Really, wtf is written there? Is it just a bunch of made up symbols, or that formula really have some meaning?

78. #### Luck

One thing that I noticed to be surprisingly helpful is "false start": when you are a tiny bit ahead of your peers, just because you started learning the topic a little bit earlier. It gives you satisfaction and makes you enjoy the subject. When I was returning from library during my 5th grade, I stuck in a traffic jam, and read half of the physics textbook. It took me like 2 hours, maybe. In classroom I was the best student in physics, and it made me enjoy this subject. After few years I won first place in my city on a physics Olympiad. That 2 hours in a traffic jam is nothing in comparison to thousands of hours that I dedicated to learning physics later, but they gave me a privilege that made me enjoy the process of studying physics.

79. #### blackklopi

woow the einstellung effect is sometimes soo spot on in my case. im glad i found this video

80. #### Ginny D

Weird… I dreamt about my lost keys and a calculator and now I’m at this video

81. #### Sledge _Jk

Me trying to solve a hard problem goes to the other ones see that ones hard so goes back to the first one

82. #### AvulcanLogic

I have autism and ADHD…. focusing on 1 thing and getting easily distracted by another is my specialty

83. #### oximas

3:34 why do you asume i cant solve that,

i am pretty sure you guessed right i cant solve that lol

84. #### Tajaya Tomlinson

I've been trying to read this book for a while now lol

85. #### Alistair Whitmann

I didn’t like this video. I LOVED IT!!!!!!!! 😀

86. #### 4321elzzird

Cool, i think I can get my grade from an F all the way up to a D-

Great video

88. #### commandertash

2:35 Einstellung Effect – get fresh approach to problem

89. #### Dkn0xXx

Very useful i like it 🙂

90. #### Ev Ros

Me trying to focus on a math lesson
Also me: wondering what’s in my friends lunchbox

91. #### Moon Tourmaline

Oh so that’s why I’m at the top of my class while at the same time I don’t understand what the fuck I’m doing but I’m doing it

92. #### Ed Dean

This is really helpful my last maths teacher was terrible and slowed my learning last year as she was unable to teach now I’ve got to work extra hard to regain the knowledge I’ve lost

Be smart.

94. #### Luke Was Here

What if it’s too late to learn the fundamentals and I’m failing?

95. #### Guilherme Matos Passarini

No, this is not a tutorial on how to use Excel in math and science (fortunately)

96. #### ANDREW YANG'S BOT

Just be an INTP and you'll be al right

Sup…

98. #### Botond Hetyey

This is the reason you should take breaks when studying maths/programming. When I code homework for university, I have a 10 minute break if I'm stuck on anything for longer then half an hour. 90% of the time, I know what to do as soon as I start making tea.

99. #### Timur Šakurov

we have techniques for solving stuff, techniques for learning to solve. But still AI is impossible.